C O N T E N T S
Cornelia Diaconescu, Olga Iacob
Abstract. The results of the recent survey on the frequency of medical and dental X-ray examinations and of radiation doses received by patients are used to assess population exposure. A total of about 10,555 million medical and dental radiological examinations have been performed in 2000 y (0.49 examination per head of population) resulting an annual per capita effective dose of 0.55 mSv. Compared with that of the last survey (1995), this is 10% lower. However, over the last ten years computed tomography (CT) increased its contribution up to 4.4% of total annual X-ray examinations and still continues; so, the population dose is underestimated without the contribution of CT doses. The much increase of CT and interventional procedures indicates an urgent need to develop activities to estimate and control these high dose procedures, in order to optimize patient and population radiological protection.
Key words: X-ray examinations, annual frequencies, effective dose, type of population dose Ü FULL TEXT.PDF
Doina Davidescu, Cornelia Diaconescu, Ingrid Miron, Doina Georgescu
Abstract. Descriptive epidemiologic
analyses were performed in five districts of eastern
Abstract. The purpose of this study was
to assess the performance of twenty surgical units from tertiary hospitals of
Emilia Alexandru Muntianu
Abstract. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of death intoxication by alcohol and other types of toxic agents as drugs, industrial, carbon monoxide, mushrooms and unidentified ones. 1606 deaths in the eastern part of the country were recorded during 1992-2001. The alcohol was the most frequently toxic agent, which has caused death. There were registered 1347 (83.9%) alcohol intoxication deaths from which 28% were in women and 72% in men. Higher frequencies of death have been found in urban areas (59.8) than in rural ones (40.2). Blood alcohol levels (g‰) in alcohol intoxications were: 0.5-0.99; 1-1.99; 2-2.99; 3-3.99; 4 and over. The higher frequency of intoxication deaths was found at the level of alcoholemia of 1-3 g‰ (42%), in the groups of age 50-59 years and 40-49 years, both in men and in women. 62 deaths, from which 66% males were caused by a mixture of different toxic agents. There were registered 198 (12.3%) intoxication deaths by the other types of studied agents: drugs, carbon monoxide, industrial agents, mushrooms and unidentified ones. Intoxication deaths caused by these types of toxic agents were more frequently in rural area (53%) and in men (52.5%). The industrial agents were responsible for about 27% of intoxication death, the pesticides being the most frequently (59.8%).
Ana Stratone, Carmen Stratone, Roxana Chiruţă, F. Filip, Olimpia Diaconu, Oana Munteanu, F. Topoliceanu
Abstract. Peripheral diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a severe complication that develops in diabetic patients. Several clinical trials measured the effectiveness of different therapeutical regims for PDN, from which the use of Milgamma-N (Benfotiamine) preparations represents a recent promising option. The paper presents our experience in treating patients with Milgamma-N preparations and assessing the effectiveness of the treatment using a standard paraclinical assessment protocol.
Keywords: diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, Benfotiamine, paraclinical assessment Ü FULL TEXT.PDF
Marinela Păsăreanu, Adriana Nedelcovici
Abstract. The purpose of the study was to compare the dental caries frequencies in children with enamel deficiency, in primary and permanent teeth, in order to show their importance as a health problem. In the studied group the percent of dysplasia of the damaged primary teeth reached a maximum value of 9.1% in ten-year-old girls and 31.4% in boys of the same age. Due to the physiological exfoliation of deciduous teeth, the proportion decreased to 0 near the age of 11 y. At the permanent teeth, a change of the pattern diseases appeared because the age of 8-11 is the period of mixed dentition. The eruption of permanent teeth being in progress, the cavities at these teeth are less and the weight of dental dysplasia is higher within the total number of damaged teeth.
Epidemiology: communicable diseases
Gabriela Coman, Elena Petraru, Roxana Filip, Cătălina Dahorea, F. Butnaru
Abstract. Streptococcus pneumoniae- major cause of infection in children - causes serious therapeutic difficulties,
because of the developed multiresistance. Extended-spectrum cephalosporins,
used in empirical therapy are a therapeutic option. Recent emergence of Ceftriaxone (CRO) and Cefotaxime (CTX) resistant strains with regional differences in frequency requires their detection by quantitative determinations. The results of the first study
on children from